How to Grow Beautiful Roses

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How to Grow Beautiful Roses

Growing Beautiful Roses

Growing beautiful roses is not a hobby, it's an art! While anyone can grow a rose bush and make it bloom, it takes real talent to grow a beautiful rose bush or create a rose garden that puts on a stunning show.

Captivating the World With Stunning Roses will teach you how to grow stunning roses and be the talk of your neighborhood. Below you will find everything you need from basic care, diseases and pests, how to grow roses from stem cuttings (and seeds, too), and much more!

 

Types of Roses

Knowing what type of rose you are growing well help significantly. You want to be sure that you are growing roses that will fit your needs and accomplish your desire. Below you will find the types of roses and how each one will perform.

Hybrid Tea roses are the most popular rose of all roses. They produce large, fragrant blooms and are and grow up to 6 feet. They are used as cut flowers and are the same roses used by florists. They typically grow have one bloom per stem. They also come in all colors except black or blue. Popular Hybrid Teas would include Mr. Lincoln, St. Patrick's Dayor Saint Patrick, Brandy and Double Delight.

Other types of roses include:

  • Grandiflora
  • Floribundas
  • Miniatures
  • Mini-Floras
  • Climbing Roses
  • Old Garden Roses
  • Shrubs
  • Polyanthas

For a complete list of rose types and pictures of each one check out Santa Clarita Valley Rose Society's 'Type of Roses' page.

How to grow roses

Image by 18_2rosadik36 on Flickr

 

Rose Grades

Grafted roses are sold based upon American Nursery Standards grades 1, 1 1/2, and 2. Plants that are sold as own-root are not graded, so there is no real clear-cut standard. Size can vary from source to source.

Standard Rose Grades

Grade 1 plants have three or more canes that are about 3/4 of an inch in diameter and have no more than 3-4 inches between the graft union and the top of the roots. They also have a large, well-developed root system. Grade 1 plants must be 2 years old when harvested from the field. These are generally premium-priced rose plants. Grade 1 1/2 roses have two strong canes and with care will catch up to Grade 1 roses. Grade 2 roses are the "bargain" or "cheap" roses. They are often plants with very small canes, often substandard, and are usually not worth the extra effort required to nurse them along. It is usually better to buy several Grade 1 roses each year than a dozen inferior plants that may never result in good garden specimens.

Resource: Our Rose Garden

 

Disease Resistant Roses from Amazon

One of the key factors in being successful at growing roses is choosing the right roses for your garden. If you are like me, you'll like no muss, no fuss so you should choose disease resistant, low maintenance roses like these from Amazon.

Fertilizing Roses

Fertilizer is an important component when growing beautiful bed of roses. Fertilizer helps to insure new blooms, lush new growth, foliage growth, strength and other important factors. Here are some of the most important rose fertilizers. A basic granular, organic or natural-based fertilizer with a balanced nutrient ratio in the single digits (example: 5-5-5)

This fertilizer provides the basic NPK and micronutrient building blocks for plant growth and bloom. There are many acceptable brands available. Avoid fertilizers with manufactured chemical ingredients, like Urea. These can burn your plants and don't do anything to build up your soil.

Bone Meal or rock phosphate - Helps promote blooms. More blooms equals a more beautiful rose bush!

Fish/Kelp Liquid Fertilizer - Fish provides a nitrogen source and kelp adds necessary trace minerals.

Alfalfa Meal or Tea - Alfalfa contains triconatol, which promotes plant growth. Alfalfa also conditions the soil.

Epsom Salts (magnesium sulphate) - Promotes enzyme activity in the soil, and also promotes more basal breaks in roses resulting in more blossoms.

Compost - Feeds the soil by adding organic matter and basic nutrients, which will improve the soil and soil life. Nutrients in healthy, living soil are more easily absorbed by plant roots.

For more information on these fertilizers and how and when to use them check out this helpful guide at Spring Valley Roses

How to grow beautiful roses

Image by swallowtailgardenseeds on Flickr

 

Pests and Disease of Roses

If You Grow Them They Will Come!

Pests and diseases can be a problem when growing roses, or any other plant for that matter. Knowing what to look for and being able to identify it will better help your when treating the problem.

Aphids are the most common pests on roses, especially, in the south. They feed on new shoots and buds causing damage. Among Aphids, there are several other insects that will make their way to your roses and feast.

Unfortunately, insects are thing only things you have to worry about when growing roses. Just like other plants, diseases come with the territory. Rust, Black Spot, and Powdery Mildew are a few of the diseases that roses can catch. Black Spot, or BS, is a common disease found on roses. It causes yellowing of the leaves and stalks as well as black spots. If left untreated black spot can take over your entire rose garden with in a few days because it is very contagious and it spread by water splash.

For more info and a great pictorial guide check out Pests and Diseases by Wikipedia. Their tutorial shows pictures of each pest along with valuable information on pests and diseases. For more information on treating and preventing pests and diseases read Rose Diseases and Pests by the Olympia Rose Society.

 

Great Books for Growing Roses

Here are some highly recommended books for those interested in growing roses. From growing roses organically to growing roses in cold climates, they are a must have for any rose grower!

Propagating Roses

Stem Cuttings or Seeds?

There is a lot of talk about which method is better; stem cuttings or seeds? While both methods are correct, it really depends on your personal preferences.

Stem cuttings may be easier and require less time but the success rate depends on the quality of the parental rose and how your care for the cuttings. As long as you choose a healthy plant, keep them moist but not too wet and insure that they are in a good environment, you will have new rose bushes in no time.

Growing roses from seeds can produce many more several roses at one time. However, it takes more time due to pollinating, growing the rosehip, harvesting, planting and waiting on them to sprout.

Growing roses from seeds can have many benefits you won't get from stem cuttings. When hybridizing (pollinating the mother plant with a different variety of plant), you can get create awesome colors and in the rare chance great a new variety altogether.

While there are only a few ways to propagate roses, stem cuttings and seeds are the most common. However, growing roses from seeds can take lots of time and patients along with trial and error. I have found that growing roses from stem cuttings is the most effect way and requires only 2-3 weeks. I prefer to grow roses from stem cuttings to insure proper color, quick rooting and to save money.

Here is a helpful link for propagating roses by seeds: How to Grow Roses From Seed by Santa Clarita Valley Rose Society.

 

Where to find your rose cuttings...

Can collect stem cuttings from your personal rose bushes or from family, friends and neighbors. Another great option is eBay. I have grown several of my own roses from rose clippings that I have found on eBay.

Another perk with buying them from eBay is that you can find rare and even personally hybridized rose cuttings from eBay. Why pay $70 for an extremely rare rose bush when you can get rose cuttings from eBay for only a buck or two and grow your own. I have been so successful with them that I know feel comfortable selling my own rose cuttings!

How to grow beautiful roses

Image by ukgardenphotos on Flickr

 

Did You Know...

Some Rosarians swear that putting banana peels around your rose bushes will pep them up. They say it encourages new growth and mass blooms!

Pruning Roses to Keep Them Beautiful

While roses are beautiful and easy to maintain, they still require some pruning as part of their maintenance.

When pruning roses the first step is to always ccut back spent blooms. Once each bloom as flourished but on a stunning show, it's time to cut them back. Some rose growers choose cut them back when they begin to wilt other wait until their petals have dropped. Either way is fine as long as they are cut back soon after losing their petals.

How to cut back spent blooms:

Using a sharp pair of sheers, cut the stalk back to the first set of leaves after the bloom. Be sure to make the cut at a sharp angle to allow for the water to run off. Also be sure to cut as close to the set of leaves with out injuring them.

Maintenance pruning:

As with any plant or tree some maintenance pruning is required. The most important is how you prune. While there are several ways to prune, the two most common is cutting them back to the ground in the winter or cutting them back 1/2 to 1/3 every Spring.

While both methods are effective it varies by the grower. Some prefer to cut them back to the ground so that it promotes lush growth in the winter while others prefer to keep the height and therefor cut them up to 1/2 way back to the main stalks in the spring.

 

My Personal Rose Collection

Finally, My Rose Garden is Growing

Currently, I only have a few roses but they are steadily growing as well as new additions. I just started my rose garden in the spring of 2008 and hope to continue it for many years. I love red long stem roses.

My Current Collection:

  • Mr. Lincoln -Red
  • Perfume Delight - Dark Pink
  • Gold Glow- Bright Yellow
  • Golden Materpiece- Rich Golden Yellow
  • Pristine - Pink and White
  • White Cherokee Climber - White
  • (2) Double Knock-Out Pink - Dark Pink
  • Blue Girl - Lavender
  • Double Delight - Cream and Deep Pink
  • Angel Face- Mauve
  • John F. Kennedy - White
  • Charisma- Yellow and Orange
  • Sterling Silver- Lavender Silvery
  • Mirandy- Deep Red
  • Gypsy- Deep Red
  • Joseph's Coat- Various Shades of Orange, Pink, Red, and Yellow (changes color)
  • Kordes Perfecta- White and Pink
  • Hondo- Yellow and Pink
  • Queen Elizabeth- Soft Pink
  • Snow Fire- Red on one side, White on the other
  • Just Joey- Apricot
  • Paradise- Pink and Mauve

 

How to Grow Beautiful Roses

Need A Gift For A Gardener?

Mother's Day - Birthday - Just Because

Gardening gift baskets make an excellent gift for the gardener in your life. Baskets like the one shown to the right come overflowing with goodies designed with a gardener in mind.

You'll normally find things like gardening shears, canvas tote bags, small gardening tools, gift books about gardening, gloves, and even delicious snacks that they can enjoy when they are kicking back to admire their beautiful garden.

Another great option are flower themed cookie bouquets where you can get decorated cookies shaped like roses, sunflowers, daisies and more!

 

Did You Know?

How to Grow Beautiful Roses

Roses are THE most popular choice for wedding flowers. Brides use roses throughout their wedding theme by incorporating them in their bridal bouquets, wedding favors (e.g. rose themed wedding favors), and wedding ceremony accessories.

Although white and ivory colored roses are used most often, pinks and reds are also very popular choices. So when it is time for your big day, be sure to incorporate some of the roses shown in this post for a stunning look at your wedding!